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Researchers uncover earliest tobacco use in the Pacific Northwest

UC Davis researchers uncover earliest tobacco use in the Pacific Northwest
The earliest known usage of tobacco in the Pacific Northwest was smoked using a pipe similar to this one, according to Shannon Tushingham, a UC Davis archaeology research associate. Credit: Shannon Tushingham

(Phys.org)—Native American hunter-gatherers living more than a thousand years ago in what is now northwestern California ate salmon, acorns and other foods, and now we know they also smoked tobacco—the earliest known usage in the Pacific Northwest, according to a new University of California, Davis, study.

"The study demonstrates that was part of the northwestern California culture very early ... shortly after the earliest documented Pacific Northwest Coast plank house villages," said the study, published in the .

Testing organic residues extracted from pipes, researchers from the UC Davis Department of Anthropology and the Fiehn Metabolomics Laboratory of the UC Davis Genome Center confirmed was smoked, and likely grown in the region, by at least A.D. 860.

Perhaps more importantly, the researchers say that additional studies may help them better understand the origins of and the human management, geographic range extension and cultivation of tobacco. Indeed, as part of a second study, the authors have recently detected nicotine in ancient pipes from an 800-year-old site in the modern city of Pleasanton, Calif.

此外,在最新出炉的50位亿万女富豪中,有32位是白手起家。
汤姆·汉克斯(Tom Hanks)的小金人一点也不孤单,他把因影片《费城故事》(Philadelphia)和《阿甘正传》(Forrest Gump)获最佳男主角奖而获得的小金人放在奖杯架上,周围还有足球奖杯和过去某个母亲节颁发的“全世界最伟大的母亲”奖杯。
I wonder if the Pelicans are in that position, too. It looks like their highest Brow-era pick will be Buddy Hield. That's not optimal.
他们开始对无保障合同、不稳定的工作时间安排、微薄的工资以及依托优步(Uber)等在线零工经济平台的新形态工作感到忧心忡忡。总部位于巴黎的有影响力的富国俱乐部——经济合作与发展组织(OECD)将于2018年发布《就业战略》,其中可能会更加强调工作的质量和包容性。
In China, WeChat has also lured more high-end users, a group that Tencent hasn't traditionally had a strong hold over.
菲亚特(Fiat)试图就投资克莱斯勒(Chrysler)条款重新谈判。

Prior to this recent testing, which used sensitive gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, researchers were unsure of the historical use of tobacco on the Coast. It was unclear, for example, whether European traders had brought tobacco to the area much later, or if some other plant had been smoked in the pipes, Tushingham said.

The company's stats also show that pop diva Whitney Houston's death in February attracted more interest than Kate.
In March, Ford completed its exit from the luxury car market by selling Volvo to China's Geely Automobile for $1.6 billion. Although the sale represents a sharp loss - the company paid $6 billion for the Swedish automaker eleven years ago - Ford posted an annual profit of $2.7 billion in 2009, its first profitable year since 2005. Assisted by the 'Cash for Clunkers' program (not to mention Toyota's accelerator woes), Ford recaptured its position as the nation's largest carmaker in February. Which is why Ford's CEO Alan Mulally can now look abroad, including big markets like India, where it recently introduced the compact Figo.
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We will make our skies blue again.
中国香港——也许香港的标志性景观是一艘驶入画面的仿古船,其背景正是这座城市举世闻名的天际线,但《孤独星球》选中此地却是因为距维多利亚港数英里之外的自然遗产。
这个M3坟墓还包含有一座古坟,斜坡,密封的门,坟墓入口,屏风的墙,过道,墓室,以及偏殿,研究人员最近在《中国文化遗迹》杂志上写到。
And now for the companies that lost the most love ...
报告指出,缺少资金和经验是大学生创业者们面临的最大障碍,40%的年轻创业者们依赖于诸如来自银行、投资机构、学校和政府等机构贷款的外部资金。

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英语中,男女用语的7个大不同
小说作者安东尼·赫洛维兹(Anthony Horowitz)透露,新书《Trigger Mortis》为现代读者作了改动,包含反对吸烟的信息,而且首次有一位“直言不讳”的同性恋朋友出场。
An earlier plan by activists and the US-based Human Rights Foundation to send 100,000 copies of the film in January was postponed until after last month's Lunar New Year.
11月22日,马拉比在伦敦的一场晚宴上领取了该奖。英国电信集团TalkTalk行政总裁迪多.哈丁(Dido Harding)应邀在晚宴上发表了演讲。
高效老板和经理们趋向于:
深受大众喜爱的电视连续剧《仙剑奇侠传》的电影版本于今日在浙江正式开拍。
该新规还专门针对出租车服务作出规定。

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大多数企业家(78%)利用储蓄或依赖朋友和家人来筹集全部或部分启动资金。四分之三的企业家也使用天使融资来作为资金来源。
我们希望看到的亚太地区是一个稳定、有秩序的地区,是一个可以协商一致、达成原则的地区,是一个有能力管控分歧的地区,也是一个有智慧解决争端的地区。
“有个家伙有一天跟所有同事说这是他最后一天了,结果却没让老板和人力资源部经理知道。”

The study is available online.


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Citation: Researchers uncover earliest tobacco use in the Pacific Northwest (2013, March 1) retrieved 18 November 2020 from https://phys.org/news/2013-03-uncover-earliest-tobacco-pacific-northwest.html
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